Critical thinking philosophy quiz

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Does the following passage contain an argument? Either p or q.

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Should our religious beliefs be guided by reason, emotion, or faith? If your premises are weak then your conclusion will be weak.

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The Religious Right is not pro-family. A valid argument form:

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Log in Sign up. Upgrade to remove ads. A group of statements in which some of them the premises are intended to support another of them conclusion.

philosophy critical thinking Study Sets and Flashcards | Quizlet

In an argument, the statement that the premises critical thinking philosophy quiz intended to support. The systematic evaluation or formulation of beliefs, or statements, by rational standards. A statement or statements intended to tell why or how something is the case.

Words that frequently accompany arguments and signal that a premise or conclusion is present. The process of reasoning from a premise or premises to a conclusion based on those premises.

The study of good reasoning, philosopy inference, and the rules that govern it. An assertion that something is or is not the case. Appeal to Critical thinking philosophy quiz Practice. The fallacy of accepting or rejecting a claim based philosopuy critical thinking philosophy quiz what groups of people generally do or how they behave when the action or behavior is irrelevant to the truth of the claim.

Appeal to Popularity or to the masses. The fallacy of arguing that a claim must criticap true merely because a substantial number of people believe it. The view that we know much less than we think we dissertation writing services blog or nothing at all.

Those who critical thinking philosophy quiz philosophical skepticism. The view that truth is relative to societies. Drawing an unwarranted conclusion or generalization about an entire group of people. The idea that truth depends on what someone believes. Accepting the notion of subjective relativism or using it to try to support a claim. A philosophy of life; a set of beliefs and theories that helps us make sense of a wide range of issues in life.

A valid argument form: Modus Ponens If p, then q. Philosopuy invalid argument form: If p, then q. The part of a conditional statement if p, then q. A strong inductive argument with all true premises.

Critical thinking philosophy quiz "if-then" statement; it consists of the critical thinking philosophy quiz the part introduced by the word if and the consequent the part introduced by the word then.

The part of a conditional statement if p, then q introduced by the word then. An argument intended to provide logically conclusive support for its conclusion. Modus Tollens If p, then q. A premise that depends on at least one other premise to provide introducing yourself essay example support to a conclusion.

If dependent premise is removed, the support that tinking linked dependent premises supply to the conclusion is undermined or completely canceled out. Either p or q. A valid argument made up of three hypothetical, or conditional, statements: If p then q. If q, then r. Therefore, if p, then r. A premise that does not depend on other premises to provide support to a conclusion.

If an independent premise is removed, the support that other premises supply philoslphy the conclusion is not affected. An argument in which the premises are intended to provide probable, not conclusive, support for its conclusion. A deductive argument fails to provide crotical support for its conclusion.

Affirming the Antecedent If p, then q. Denying the Consequence If p, then q. A deductively valid argument that has true premises. An thinikng argument that succeeds in providing probable-but not conclusive-support for its conclusion. A deductive argument made up of three statements- critical thinking philosophy quiz premises and a conclusion. A characteristic of a valid deductive argument qquiz which the mla essay format examples works cited page structure guarantees the truth of the conclusion if the premises are true.

A deductive argument that succeeds in providing conclusive qkiz for its conclusion.

An inductive critical thinking philosophy quiz that critical thinking philosophy quiz to provide strong support for its conclusion.

The fallacy of relying on the opinion of someone deemed to be an expert who in fact is not an expert. The large collection of very well supported beliefs that we all rely on to inform critical thinking philosophy quiz actions and choices. It consists of basic facts about everyday things, beliefs based on very good evidence, and justified claims that we would regard as "common sense" or "common knowledge.

Someone who is more knowledgeable in a particular subject area or field than most critical thinking philosophy quiz are. The error of thinking that previous events can affect the probabilities in the random critical thinking philosophy quiz at hand.

What is critical thinking? Critical thinking is the systematic evaluation or formulation of beliefs, or claims, by rational standards. Is critical thinking primarily concerned with what you think or how you think? Critical thinking is primarily concerned with how you think. Why is critical thinking systematic? Critical thinking is systematic because it involves distinct procedures and methods. According to the text, what critical thinking philosophy quiz it mean to say that critical thinking is done according to rational standards?

Critical thinking operates according to rational standards in that beliefs are judged by autocad homework help well they are supported by reasons.

According to the text, how does a lack of critical thinking cause a loss of personal freedom? If you passively parts of an expository essay powerpoint beliefs that have been handed to you by your parents, your culture, or your teachers, then those beliefs are not really yours.

If they are not really yours, and you let them guide your choices and actions, then they-not you-are in charge of your life. What does the term critical refer to in critical thinking? The critical in critical thinking refers to the exercising of careful judgment and judicious evaluation.

In what way can feelings and critical thinking complement each other? Critical thinking can help us clarify our feelings and common college scholarship essay questions with them more effectively. Our emotions often need the guidance of reason. Likewise, our reasoning needs our emotions. It is our feelings that motivate us to action, and without motivation our reasoning would never get off the ground.

What is a statement? A statement is a claim that asserts that something is or is not the critical thinking philosophy quiz. Give an example of a statement. Then give an example of a sentence that is not a statement. Critical thinking is essential. Is critical thinking essential?

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According to the text, by what standard should we always proportion our acceptance of a statement? We should proportion our acceptance of a statement according to the reasons in its favor.

What is an argument? An argument is a claim or claims supposedly providing reasons for accepting another critical thinking philosophy quiz. Give an critical thinking philosophy quiz of an argument with two premises. If the accident happened at 5: The accident did happen at 5: What is a premise? A premise is a statement critical thinking philosophy quiz in support of another statement.

What is a conclusion? In an argument, a conclusion is a claim that premises are intended to support. Smarty assign array index argument requires reasons that support a conclusion; the mere assertion of a belief does not provide reasons.

Does the following passage contain an argument? She says that video games provoke young men business studies lesson critical thinking philosophy quiz resources violence and other insensitive acts. Alonzo asserts that the government should be able to arrest and imprison anyone if they are suspected of terrorist acts.

Doing that would be a violation of basic civil liberties guaranteed in the Bill of Rights. What are indicator words? Indicator words are words that frequently accompany arguments and signal that a premise or conclusion is present.

List three conclusion indicator words. List three premise indicator words. Give an example of a short argument that uses one or more indicator words. The poll suggests that most people are happy. Therefore, most of them are happy. What is probably the best strategy for trying to find an argument in a complex passage? Look for the conclusion first. You can almost always find an argument in narrative writing. All disagreements critical thinking philosophy quiz an argument.

Do not allow your emotions to distort your thinking. If someone wants to burn critical thinking philosophy quiz How to write a business plan appendix flag, they critical thinking philosophy quiz be able to do it without interference from the police.

Should our religious beliefs be guided by reason, emotion, or faith? Stop driving on the left side of the road! The Vietnam War was a terrible mistake. The Vietnam War was not a terrible mistake.

I shall do my best to do my duty to God and my country. Are you doing your best for God and country? For each argument specify what the conclusion is. Rene hates Julia, and she always upsets him, so critical thinking philosophy quiz should avoid her. He should avoid her. Rene hates Julia, and his feelings against her cause him tremendous pain. I pledge allegiance to the flag of the United States of America and to the republic for which critical thinking philosophy quiz stands, one nation under God, indivisible, with liberty and justice for all.

Why do you think you have the right to park your car anywhere you please? If you smoke that cigarette in here, I will leave the room. The Titanic sank, and no one came to save it. Jesus loves me, for the Bible tells me so. Spiderman is a better superhero than Superman. Otherwise, we can have no materials out of which to construct critical thinking philosophy quiz. Whether our argument concerns public affairs or some other subject we must know some, if not all, of the facts about the subject on which we are to speak and argue.

If guns are outlawed, then only outlaws will have guns. If someone says something that offends me, I should have the right to stop that kind of speech.

After all, words can assault people just as weapons can. Citizens who so value their "independence" that they will not enroll in a political party are really forfeiting independence. If someone says something that offends me, I cannot and should not try to stop them from speaking. After all, in America, speech- even offensive speech- is protected.

Once, only once, was the wail a response to theft. Silent car alarms connect immediately to a security company, while the noisy ones are a problem, not a solution. They should be banned, finally. Car alarms should be banned. It seems that many years after Congress sends our children to war, we find out that the basic premise for the war was an intentional lie.

For each argument specify both the conclusion and the premises. Faster-than-light travel is not possible. It would violate a law of nature.

Faster-than-light travel would violate a law of nature. You have neglected your duty on several occasions, and you have been absent from work too many times. Therefore, you are not fit to serve in current capacity. Therefore, you are not fit to serve in your current capacity. You have neglected your duty on rwandan genocide essay outline occasions.

You have been absent from work too many times. Racial profiling is not an issue for white people, but it is an issue for African Americans. The qquiz epidemic on the East Coast is real. Government health officials say so. And I personally crjtical read at least a dozen news stories that characterize the situation as a "flu epidemic. I personally have read at least a dozen news stories that characterize the situation as a "flu epidemic. Only naive, impressionable pinheads believe that stuff.

These Christians, often referred to as the religious right, are well known for violent demonstrations against Planned Parenthood and other abortion clinics. Doctors and other personnel are threatened with death, clinics have been bombed, there have even been cases of doctors being murdered.

Current-day Christians use violence to spread their right-to-life message. Doctors and other personnel are threatened with death.

Clinics critical thinking philosophy quiz been bombed. There have even been cases of doctors being murdered. I am thinkig at how much ticket prices are increasing ever year. A few years ago, one could attend a popular concert for a decent price. This American holocaust was legalized by the Supreme Court in an exercise of raw judicial power. They are mentioned in the Bible.

There are many people today who claim to be witches. And historical records reveal that there were witches in Salem. Historical records reveal that critical thinking philosophy quiz were witches in Salem.

Stretched upon the dark silk night, bracelets of city lights glisten brightly. It is beat up. It is unsafe to drive. If so, identify the premises and the conclusion. Concerned parents realize that critical thinking philosophy quiz are curious about how their bodies work philosophh need accurate, age-appropriate information about the human reproductive system.

The Thinnking Right is not pro-family. In a word, there was not a man who had any idea of experimental philosophy thinkinv Chancellor Bacon; and of an infinity of experiments which have been made since his time, there is hardly a single one which has not been pointed out in his book.

He had even made a good number critical thinking philosophy quiz them himself. Before Poetry writing paper free Bacon, no one had any idea of experimental critical thinking philosophy quiz. Of an infinity of experiments which have been made since his time, there is hardly a single one great essay transition words has not been pointed out in his book.

If a universal flood occurred between five and six thousand critical thinking philosophy quiz ago, killing all humans except the eight on board the Ark, it would be abundantly clear in the archaeological record. Human history would be marked by an absolute break. There is no archaeological evidence for the [Biblical] Flood. If a universal Flood occurred between five and six thousand years ago, killing all humans except the eight on board the Ark, it would be abundantly clear in the archaeological record.

For one thing, it implies that each of us is morally infallible. As long as we approve of or believe in what we are what is job assignments, we can do no wrong.

But this cannot be right. Suppose that Hitler believed that it was right to exterminate the Jews. Then it was right for Hitler to exterminate usc transfer application essay Jews. Hitler did was wrong, even if he believed otherwise. Moral subjectivism has some rather bizarre consequences. But we cannot be morally infallible. For critical thinking to be realized, the tninking must be systematic, it must be a true evaluation or formulation of claims, and it must be based on rational standards.

What are the two main categories of common obstacles to critical thinking? Those hindrances that arise because of how we think and those that occur because of what we think. Clifford say about the morality of critical thinking philosophy quiz claims? Clifford asserts that it is morally wrong to believe a proposition without justification or evidence. Drawing conclusions about people without sufficient reasons.

From the standpoint of critical thinking, what event signals that we have allowed our bias in favor of ourselves critical thinking philosophy quiz system dynamics homework solutions far?

We take things too far when we accept claims for no reason. 6th grade math problem solving to the text, what effect can our urge to save face have on our thinking? To save face, we may accept or defend claims just to protect our image—blaming others for our mistakes, trying to justify our unjustifiable behavior, or failing to admit error. When are you most likely to let your self-interest get in the way of clear thinking?

You are most likely to let your self-interest get in the way of clear thinking when you have a significant personal stake in the conclusions you reach. According to the text, what should you do if you sense a rush of emotion when you think dissertation conceptual framework a particular issue?

The rule of thumb is this: If you sense a rush of effect of alcoholism essay when you deal with a particular issue, stop. Then critical thinking philosophy quiz at a slower pace and with greater attention to the basics of critical reasoning, double-checking to ensure that you are not ignoring or suppressing evidence or getting sloppy in your evaluations.

What is selective attention? A kind of biased thinking in which we notice certain things and ignore others, even though we should be noticing both. According to the text, how might selective attention affect your thinking when you are lead assignment best practices evidence for or against a claim? We may ignore facts that contradict our beliefs and search out facts that support them.

How might the influence of a group that you belong to affect your attempts to think critically? Group pressure can affect your attempts to think critically by citical your need thinnking be part critical thinking philosophy quiz a group or your identification with a group to undermine critical thinking.

According to the text, what is the most powerful critical thinking philosophy quiz pressure of all? The group pressure that comes from presuming critical thinking philosophy quiz our own group is the best and all other groups are not as good. What is the appeal to popularity? What is a worldview? A worldview is a set of fundamental ideas that critical thinking philosophy quiz us make sense of a wide range of issues in life.

What is subjective relativism? According to the text, how could subjective relativism make critical thinking unnecessary? In large part, critical thinking is about determining whether statements are true or false.

But if we can make a statement true just by believing it to be true, then critical thinking would seem to be unnecessary. Is critical thinking concerned with thibking objective or the subjective truth of claims? Critical thinking is concerned with philosohy truth claims. What is social relativism? What is philosophical skepticism?

Does our knowledge require certainty? It seems that our knowledge does not critical thinking philosophy quiz critical thinking philosophy quiz, for we seem to know critical thinking philosophy quiz things even though we do not have absolutely conclusive fritical.

What kind of doubt is involved in the acquisition of knowledge? Reasonable doubt, not certainty, is central to the acquisition of knowledge.

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