Kudos to the person that wrote this.
Create a research question to help guide your research. It can also serve as the starting point for your thesis later on.
Make sure to save the paper in multiple places, for extra security and print out your final draft.
Do not wait until the last minute to do so. Once you have a number of topics in ;aper you need to evaluate as to which topic interests you and your audience more.
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How to Write an Effective Discussion Dean R Hess PhD RRT FAARC Introduction Elements to Include in the Discussion State the Major Findings of the Study.– Kimberly, Corpus Christi, TX
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This section is often considered the most important part of your research paper because this is where you: Fourteen Steps to Writing an Effective Discussion Section. San Francisco Edit, Polidy are the general rules you should adopt when composing your discussion of the results:. The content of the discussion section of your paper most often includes:.
Keep the following sequential points in mind as you organize and write the discussion section of your paper: The objectives of your discussion section should include the following: Briefly reiterate the research problem or problems you are investigating and the discussionn you used to investigate them, then move quickly to describe the major findings of the study.
You should write a direct, declarative, and succinct proclamation of how to write a policy discussion paper study results, usually in one paragraph. Explain the Meaning of the Findings and Why They are Important. Consider the likelihood that no one has thought as long and hard about your study as you have.
Systematically explain the underlying meaning of your findings and state why you believe they are significant. If applicable, begin this part of the section by repeating what you consider to be your most significant or unanticipated finding first, then systematically review each finding.
Otherwise, follow the general order you reported the findings in the results section. Relate the Findings to Similar Studies. No study in the social yo is so novel or possesses such a restricted focus that it has absolutely no relation to previously published research. The pzper section should relate your results to those found in other studies, particularly if questions raised from prior studies served as the motivation for your research.
This is important because comparing and contrasting the findings of other studies helps to support the overall importance of your results and it highlights how and how to write a policy discussion paper what ways your study differs from other research about the topic.
Note that any significant or unanticipated finding is often because there was no prior research to indicate the finding could occur. If there is prior research to indicate this, you need to explain why it was significant or unanticipated. Consider Alternative Explanations of the Findings. It is important to remember that the purpose discussiln research in the social sciences is to discover and not to prove. When writing the discussion section, you should carefully consider all possible explanations for the study results, rather than just those that fit how to write a policy discussion paper hypothesis or hos assumptions and biases.
This is especially important discusssion describing the discovery of significant or unanticipated findings. Note any unanswered questions or issues your study did not address and describe the generalizability of your results to other situations.
If a limitation is applicable to the method chosen to gather information, then describe in detail the problems you encountered and why. Make Suggestions for Further Research. You may choose to conclude the discussion section by wrlte suggestions for further research [this can be done in the overall conclusion of your paper].
Although your study may offer important how to write a policy discussion paper about the research problem, this is where you can address other questions related to the problem essay topics for college students india remain unanswered or highlight previously hidden questions that were revealed as a result of conducting your research. You should frame literature review essay suggestions by linking the need for further research to the limitations of your study [e.
Besides the literature review section, the preponderance business plan growth opportunities references to sources is usually found in the discussion section. A few historical references pwper be helpful for perspective but most of the references should be relatively recent and included to aid in the discussiob of your results or used to link to similar studies.
Department of English Writing Drite. George Mason University; Discussion. The Structure, Format, Content, and Style of a Journal-Style Scientific Paper.
Bates College; Hess, Dean R. Fourteen Steps to Writing to Writing an Effective Discussion Section. San Francisco Edit, ; The Lab Report. University College Writing Centre.
University of Toronto; Sauaia, A. Policj of North Hpw Schafer, Mickey S. Writing in Psychology course discusssion University of Florida; Yellin, Linda L. Allyn and Bacon, Interpretation is a subjective exercise.
As such, you should always approach the selection and interpretation of your findings introspectively and to think critically about the possibility of judgmental biases unintentionally entering into discussions about the significance of your work.
With this in mind, be careful writw to write a policy descriptive writing essay about the beach paper you do not read more into the findings how to write a policy discussion paper can be supported by the evidence you have gathered. Remember that the data are the data: One of the most common mistakes that you can make discussion discussing the results of your study is to present a superficial interpretation of the findings that more or less re-states the results section of your paper.
How to assignment on globalization definition a policy discussion paper, you must refer to your results when discussing them, but focus on the interpretation of those results and their significance in relation to the research problem, not the data itself.
The discussion section should remain focused on the findings of your polucy. For example, if the purpose of your research was to measure the impact of foreign aid on increasing access to education among the poor in Bangladesh, it would not be appropriate to speculate about how your findings might apply to populations in other countries without drawing from existing studies to support your claim or if analysis of other countries was not a part of your original research design.
If you feel compelled to speculate, do so in the form of describing possible implications or explaining possible how to write a policy discussion paper. Be certain that you clearly identify your comments as speculation or as a suggestion for where tl research is needed.
Research Guides Ask a Librarian. University of Southern California Research Guides Organizing Your Social Sciences Research Paper 8. Search this Guide Search.
Organizing Your Social Sciences Research Paper: The Discussion The purpose of this guide is to provide advice on how to develop and organize a research paper in the social sciences. Purpose of Guide Types of Research Designs How to write a policy discussion paper Dropdown Design Flaws to Avoid Disscussion and Dependent Variables Glossary of Research Terms 1.
Choosing a Research Problem Toggle Dropdown Narrowing a Topic Idea Broadening a Topic Idea Extending the Discusdion of a Topic Idea 2.
Preparing to Write Toggle Dropdown Academic Writing Style Choosing a Title Making an Outline Paragraph Development 3.
The Abstract Toggle Dropdown Executive Summary 4. The Introduction Toggle Dropdown The C. The Literature Review Toggle Dropdown Citation Tracking Content Alert Services Evaluating Sources Primary Sources Secondary Sources Tiertiary Sources What Is Scholarly vs. The Methodology Toggle Dropdown Qualitative Methods Quantitative Methods 7.
The Results Toggle Dropdown Using Non-Textual Elements 8. The Discussion Toggle Dropdown Limitations of the Study 9. The Conclusion Toggle Dropdown Appendices Proofreading Your Paper Toggle Dropdown Common Grammar Mistakes Writing Concisely Citing Sources Toggle Dropdown Avoiding Plagiarism Footnotes or Endnotes?
Importance of a Good Discussion This section is often considered the most important part of your research paper because this is where you: Most effectively demonstrates your ability as a researcher to think critically about an issue, to develop creative solutions to problems based upon a logical synthesis of the findings, and discusslon formulate a deeper, more profound understanding of the research problem under investigation.
Present the underlying meaning of your research, note possible implications in other areas of study, and explore possible improvements that can be made in order to further develop the concerns of your research. If appropriate, the discussion section is also where you state how the discussiion from your study revealed new gaps in the literature that had not been previously exposed or adequately described.
Engage the reader in thinking critically about issues based upon an evidence-based interpretation of findings; it is not governed strictly by objective reporting of information. Structure and Writing Style I. General Rules These are the general rules you should adopt when composing your discussioon of the results: Do not be verbose or repetitive Be concise and make your points clearly Avoid using jargon Follow a logical stream of thought; in general, interpret and discuss the significance of your findings in the same sequence you described them in your results section Use the present verb tense, especially for established facts; however, refer to specific works or prior studies in the past tense If needed, use subheadings to help organize your discussion or to categorize your interpretations into themes II.
The Content The content of the discussion section of your paper pokicy often includes: If appropriate, note any unusual or unanticipated patterns or trends that emerged from your results and explain their meaning in relation to the research problem. References to previous research: This can include re-visiting key sources already cited in your literature review section, or, save them to cite later in the discussion section if they are more important to compare with your results how to write a policy discussion paper of being a part of the general literature review of research used to provide context and background how business strategy and workforce planning write a policy discussion paper. Note that you can make this decision to highlight specific studies after you have begun writing the discussion section.
For example, describing lessons learned, proposing recommendations that hamlets sanity essay help improve how to write a policy discussion paper situation, or highlighting best practices. This can be framed as new research discusion that emerged as a result of your analysis.
Organization polivy Structure Keep the following sequential points in mind as you organize and write the discussion section of your paper: Think of your discussion as an inverted pyramid. Organize the discussion from the general to the specific, wite your findings to the literature, then to theory, how to write a policy discussion paper to practice [if appropriate].
Use the same key terms, narrative style, and verb tense [present] that you used when when describing the research problem in your introduction. Begin by briefly re-stating the research problem you were investigating and answer all of the research questions underpinning the problem that you posed in the introduction.
Describe consultancy assignments in kenya patterns, principles, and relationships shown by each major findings and place them in how to write a policy discussion paper perspective. The sequence of this information is important; first state the answer, then the relevant results, then cite the work of others. If appropriate, refer the reader to a figure or table to help enhance the interpretation of the data [either within the text or as an appendix].
The order of interpreting each major finding should be in the same order as they were art assignments for middle school in your weite section.
A good discussion section includes analysis of any unexpected findings. This part of the discussion should begin with a description of any unanticipated findings, followed by a brief interpretation as to why you believe it appeared and, if necessary, its possible significance in relation to the overall study. If more than one unexpected finding emerged during the study, describe each them in the order they appeared as you gathered or analyzed the data.
The exception to discussing findings in the same order you described them in the results section would be to begin by highlighting the implications of a particularly unexpected or significant finding that emerged from the study, followed by a discussion of the remaining findings. Before concluding the discussion, identify potential limitations and weaknesses if you do not plan to do so in the conclusion.
Comment on their relative importance in relation to your overall interpretation of the results and, if necessary, note how they may affect the validity of your findings.
Avoid using an apologetic tone; however, papsr honest and self-critical [e. The discussion section should end with a concise summary of the principal implications of the findings regardless of significance.
Give a brief explanation about why you believe the findings and conclusions of your study are important and how they support broader knowledge or understanding of the research problem.
This can be followed by any recommendations for further research. However, do not offer recommendations which could have been easily addressed within the study. This would demonstrate to the reader that you have inadequately examined and interpreted the data. Overall Objectives The objectives of your discussion section should include the following: Explain the How to write a policy discussion paper of the Findings how to write a policy discussion paper Why They are Important Consider the likelihood that no one has thought as long and hard about your study as you have.
Relate the Findings to Similar Studies No study in the social sciences is so novel or possesses such a restricted focus that it has absolutely no relation to previously published research. Consider Alternative Explanations of the Findings It is important to remember that the purpose of how to write a policy discussion paper in the social sciences is to discover and not to prove. Make Suggestions for Further Research You may choose to conclude the discussion section by making suggestions for further research [this can be done in the overall conclusion of your paper].
Problems to Avoid Do not waste time restating your results. Should you need to remind the how to write a policy discussion paper of a finding to be discussed, use "bridge sentences" how to write a policy discussion paper relate the result to the interpretation. An example would be: Recommendations for further research can be included in either the discussion ethan frome essay prompts for high school conclusion of your paper, but do not repeat your recommendations in the both sections.
Think about the overall narrative flow of your paper to determine where best to locate this information. Do not introduce new results in the discussion section. Be wary of mistaking the reiteration of a specific finding for an interpretation because it may confuse the reader. The description of findings [results] and the interpretation of their significance [discussion] should be distinct sections of your paper.
If you choose to combine the results section and the discussion section into a single narrative, you must be clear in how you report the information discovered and your own interpretation of each finding. Use of the first person is generally acceptable. Using first person can help emphasize a point or illustrate a contrasting finding. However, keep in mind that too much use of the first person can actually distract the reader from the main points [i.
Yet Another Writing Tip Avoid Unwarranted Speculation! Aug 25,
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